In den ersten Jahren seiner Existenz war Las Vegas nur ein Eisenbahnknotenpunkt in der Mitte der Mojave-Wüste in Nevada. Glückspiel war lange verboten. Es hatte einen grossen Pool, ein Showtheater (Opera House genannt) und das damals größte Restaurant in Las Vegas. Im Casino gab es 2 Black Jack Tische, 1. Die Geschichte von Las Vegas reicht von der Entdeckung als Oase in der Wüste, über die Dominanz der Mafia bis zum Bau gigantischer Themenhotels.
Die Geschichte von Las Vegas: Von der Wüstenstadt zur Entertainment-HauptstadtDie Geschichte von Las Vegas: Von der Wüstenstadt zur Entertainment-Hauptstadt. Die Wüste von Nevada war einst ein eher trostloser Ort, der. Die Geschichte von Las Vegas reicht von der Entdeckung als Oase in der Wüste, über die Dominanz der Mafia bis zum Bau gigantischer Themenhotels. Eine kurze Zusammenfassung der Geschichte von Las Vegas ✓ Die wichtigsten Zahlen ✓ kurz und punktiert ✓ Hier weiterklicken und lernen!
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Dieses wird am Oktober als das erste 5-Sterne Hotel von Las Vegas eröffnet. Die Besucherzahl steigt auf über 30 Millionen.
Am Strip wird das New Aladdin eröffnet. Weitere Themen über den Südwesten findet Ihr im oben oder mit der Navigation links. Vorheriger Beitrag Vermont.
Nächster Beitrag Montana. Hinterlasse eine Antwort. Rezept Bewertung Rezept Bewertung. Route 95 was finally extended south into Las Vegas, giving the city two major access roads.
Also in Las Vegas's first permanent radio station , KENO , began broadcasting replacing the niche occupied earlier by transient broadcasters.
On January 25, , the U. Mayor John L. Russell signed over land to the U. Army Quartermaster Corps for this development. The gunnery school later would become Nellis Air Force Base.
The U. Army was not pleased with the legal prostitution in Las Vegas and in forced Las Vegas to outlaw the practice, putting Block 16, the local red light district , permanently out of business.
The hotel gained much of its fame from the gourmet buffet that it offered. On October 30, , Texas cinema magnate R. Griffith rebuilt on the site of a nightclub called Pair-O-Dice ,  that first opened in , and renamed it Hotel Last Frontier.
A few more resorts were built on and around Fremont Street, but it was the next hotel on the Strip that publicly demonstrated the influence of organized crime on Las Vegas.
Although ethnic organized crime figures had been involved in some of the operations at the hotels, the Mafia bosses never owned or controlled the hotels and clubs which remained monopolized by hard-bitten local Las Vegas families who were unwilling to cede ground to the crime bosses and proved strong enough to push back.
This changed in post-war Las Vegas when Jewish gangster Bugsy Siegel , with help from friend and fellow mob boss Meyer Lansky , poured money through locally owned banks for cover of legitimacy and built The Flamingo in Siegel modeled his enterprises on the long-running gambling empire in Galveston, Texas , which had pioneered the high-class casino concepts that became mainstays on the Strip.
The Flamingo initially lost money and Siegel died in a hail of gunfire in Beverly Hills, California in the summer of Additionally, local police and Clark County Sheriff deputies were notorious for their heavy-handed tactics toward mobsters who "grew too big for their pants.
After gambling was legalized, the Bank of Las Vegas, led by E. Parry Thomas , became the first bank to lend money to the casinos, which Thomas regarded as the most important businesses in Las Vegas.
Gambling was no longer the only attraction; the biggest stars of films and music like Frank Sinatra , Dean Martin , Andy Williams , Liberace , Bing Crosby , Carol Channing , and others performed in intimate settings.
After coming to see these stars, the tourists would resume gambling, and then eat at the gourmet buffets that have become a staple of the casino industry.
It was the seventh of 14 hearings held by the commission. The hearings established that Las Vegas interests were required to pay Siegel to get the race wire transmitting the results of horse and dog races, prizefight results and other sports action into their casinos.
The hearing concluded that organized crime money was incontrovertibly tied to the Las Vegas casinos and was becoming the controlling interest in the city, earning the organized crime groups vast amounts of income, strengthening their influence in the country.
This led to a proposal by the Senate to institute federal gambling control. Nevada's Senator Pat McCarran was instrumental in defeating the measure in committee.
Along with their connections in Hollywood and New York City, these interests in Las Vegas were able to use publicity provided by these media capitals to steer the rapid growth of tourism into Las Vegas, thereby dooming Galveston, Texas ; Hot Springs, Arkansas ; and other illegal gaming centers around the nation.
While the Strip was booming, the U. Atomic Energy Commission on January 27, detonated the first of over a hundred atmospheric explosions at the Nevada Test Site.
Despite the dangers and risks of radiation exposure from the fallout, which were greatly underestimated at the time, Las Vegas advertised the explosions as another tourist attraction   and offered Atomic Cocktails in the Sky Room restaurant at the Desert Inn that provided the highest view of the mushroom clouds.
Parry Thomas during those years funded the growing boom in casinos. But Las Vegas was doing more than growing casinos. In , McCarran Field was established for commercial air traffic.
In the University of Nevada, Las Vegas was first established, initially as a branch of the University of Nevada, Reno and becoming independent in A new utility company, Southwest Gas expanded into Las Vegas in These atmospheric tests would continue until enactment of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in when the tests moved underground.
The last test explosion was in In , Howard Hughes , the eccentric hero of the American aviation industry, and noted American entrepreneurial financier with vast connections to long established networks in the country, moved to Las Vegas.
Initially staying in the Desert Inn , he refused to vacate his room and instead decided to purchase the entire hotel.
He was instrumental in changing the image of Las Vegas from its Wild West roots into a more refined cosmopolitan city.
The local newspaper Las Vegas Sun and its editor Hank Greenspun led a crusade in those days to expose all the criminal ties, activities, and government corruption in Las Vegas.
His investigative reporting and editorials led to the exposure of Clark County Sheriff Glen Jones ' ownership of a brothel and the resignation of Lieutenant Governor Clifford A.
Jones as the state's national committeeman for the Democratic Party. Before his death in , Hank Greenspun founded The Greenspun Corporation to manage his family's assets, and it remains a major influence in Las Vegas, with media holdings in print, television and the Internet; substantial real estate holdings; and ownership stakes in a number of casinos.
Because of this, the city lost tax revenue. Under Nevada Law, an incorporated town, Las Vegas, cannot annex an unincorporated township. To this day, virtually all of the Strip remains outside the City of Las Vegas.
Much like in other American settled counties and towns throughout the United States, entertainment venues were segregated between black- and white-owned businesses.
With almost all of the businesses owned and operated by whites, Black Americans were barred from entering the venues which remained focused, regardless of their legitimacy or criminality, on entertaining a white-only clientele.
As a result of property deeds, businesses owned by or mainly serving non-whites were confined to clubs on the "west side" of the tracks.
This also was enforced in many of the work positions. Thus, African Americans except those who provided the labor for low-paying menial positions or entertainment and Hispanics were limited in employment occupations at the white-owned clubs.
However, because of employment deals with black worker groups, many clubs favored black workers, and the Hispanic population actually decreased ninety percent from 2, to just by the mids.
Immer mehr Menschen siedelten sich dort an. Heute zählt Las Vegas mehr als Die Minen- und Staudammarbeiter strömten zu Tausenden nach Las Vegas und bevölkerten die aufkeimende Wüsten-Metropole auf allerdings sehr einseitige Weise.
Die meisten von ihnen waren ledige junge Männer. Harte entbehrungsreiche Arbeit bestimmte ihren Tag, aber nach der Schicht, in ihren wenigen freien Stunden, suchten sie Ablenkung.
Clevere Geschäftsleute witterten die Chance. Bars, Hotels und Nachtclubs schossen aus dem Boden. Eine Stadt entstand, wie sie untypischer nicht sein konnte.
Nicht nur die Arbeiter der niederen Lohngruppen hatte man nun als Kunden im Visier, sondern auch die Reichen und Superreichen wollte man in die sündige Stadt locken.
Las Vegas war auf dem Weg, eine Touristenattraktion zu werden. Die Region bot genügend Raum, genügend Wasser und genügend Energie für neue Fabriken, die sich hier problemlos ansiedeln konnten.